2021年全国统一考试英语试题及答案全国甲卷
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(此套试题考区:四川、云南、贵州、广西、西藏)

2021年全国高考英语甲卷、乙卷听力部分相同

第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What is the man doing?

A. Asking the way.

B. Giving directions.

C. Correcting a mistake.

2. What dress size does the woman want?

A. 8. B. 10. C. 12.

3. What is the woman likely to do?

A. Make a phone call.

B. Handle the problem.

C. Have a rest.

4. Which tour does the man seem to be interested in?

A. The evening tour.

B. The half-day tour.

C. The full-day tour.

5. Where are the speakers?

A. At a canteen.

B. At a clinic.

C. At a bank.

第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。

6. What does the woman think of the match?

A. Entertaining.

B. Discouraging.

C. Boring.

7. What do the speakers plan to do on Tuesday afternoon?

A. Watch a game.

B. Play tennis.

C. Go to the cinema.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 10 题。

8. What does the man advise Mrs. White to do?

A. Go on a diet.

B. Do more exercise.

C. Get enough sleep.

9. Which can be included in Mrs. White's breakfast?

A. Eggs.

B. Sausages.

C. Porridge.

10. What is the man?

A. A teacher.

B. A physician.

C. A chef.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 14 题。

11. How does Nancy look to Daniel?

A. Confused.

B. Excited.

C. Anxious.

12. Why does Daniel mention his performance in a play?

A. To comfort Nancy.

B. To express his regret.

C. To show his pride.

13. What is Nancy going to do next week?

A. Take a school test.

B. Have a check-up.

C. Go in for a competition.

14. What does Daniel offer to do for Nancy?

A. Rewrite her lines.

B. Drive her to the theatre.

C. Help her with the practice.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 15 至 17 题。

15. What was Prof. Stone's grandfather afraid of?

A. Leaving his home.

B. Parting from his son.

C. Taking early retirement.

16. What does old age mean to many elderly Americans?

A. Lack of moral support.

B. Loss of self-worth.

C. Change of living habits.

17. What will Prof. Stone talk about next concerning elderly people?

A. Public services they ask for.

B. Health care available to them.

C. Contributions they can make.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。

18. What does the speaker's mother want her to be?

A. A confident person.

B. A warm-hearted person.

C. A humorous person.

19. Why did the speaker feel lonely in her childhood?

A. She often traveled by herself.

B. Her family moved frequently.

C. Her mother was busy working.

20. What does the speaker mainly talk about?

A. Importance of home schooling.

B. Mother-daughter relationship.

C. A role model in her family.

笔试部分

第一部分阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

Take a view, the Landscape(风景) Photographer of the Year Award, was the idea of Charlie Waite, one of today's most respected landscape photographers. Each year, the high standard of entries has shown that the Awards are the perfect platform to showcase the very best photography of the British landscape. Take a view is a desirable annual competition for photographers from all corners of the UK and beyond.

 

 

Mike Shepherd

(2011)

Skiddaw in Winter

Cumbria, England

 

It was an extremely cold winter's evening and freezing fog

hung in the air. I climbed to the top of a small rise and

realised that the mist was little more than a few feet deep, and though it was only a short climb, I found myself completely above it and looking at a wonderfully clear view of Skiddaw with the sun setting in the west. I used classical techniques, translated from my college days spent in the darkroom into Photoshop, to achieve the black-and-white image(图像).

Timothy Smith

(2014)

Macclesfield

Forest

Cheshire, England

 

I was back in my home town of Macclesfield to take some

winter images. Walking up a path through the forest towards

Shutlingsloe, a local high point, I came across a small clearing and immediately noticed the dead yellow grasses set against the fresh snow. The small pine added to the interest and I placed it centrally to take the view from the foreground right through into the forest.

1. Who would most probably enter for Take a view?

A. Writers.

B. Photographers.

C. Painters.

D. Tourists.

2. What do the works by Shepherd and Smith have in common?

A. They are winter images.

B. They are in black and white.

C. They show mountainous scenes.

D. They focus on snow-covered forests.

3. Where can the text be found?

A. In a history book.

B. In a novel.

C. In an art magazine.

D. In a biography。

B

Port Lympne Reserve, which runs a breeding(繁育) programme, has welcomed the arrival of a rare black thino calf (犀牛幼崽). When the tiny creature arrived on Januarv 31. she became the 40th black rhino to be born at the reserve. And officials at Port Lympne were delighted with the

new arrival, especially as black rhinos are known for being difficult to breed in captivity(圈养).

Paul Beer, head of rhino section at Port Lympne, said: “Obviously we're all absolutely delighted to welcome another calf to our black rhino family. She's healthy, strong and already eager to play and explore. Her mother, Solio, is a first-time mum and she is doing a fantastic job. It's still a little too cold for them to go out into the open, but as soon as the weather warms up, I have no doubt that the little one will be out and about exploring and playing every day.”

The adorable female calf is the second black rhino born this year at the reserve, but it is too early to tell if the calves will make good candidates to be returned to protected areas of the wild. The first rhino to be born at Port Lympne arrived on January 5 to first-time mother Kisima and weighed about 32kg. His mother, grandmother and great grandmother were all born at the reserve and still live there.

According to the World Wildlife Fund, the global black rhino population has dropped as low as 5500, giving the rhinos a “critically endangered" status.

4. Which of the following best describes the breeding programme?

A. Costly.

B.Controversial.

C. Ambitious.

D. Successful.

5. What does Paul Beer say about the new-born rhino?

A. She loves staying with her mother.

B. She dislikes outdoor activities.

C. She is in good condition.

D. She is sensitive to heat.

6. What similar experience do Solio and Kisima have?

A. They had their first born in January.

B. They enjoyed exploring new places)

C. They lived with their grandmothers.

D. They were brought to the reserve young,

7. What can be inferred about Port Lympne Reserve?

A. The rhino section will be open to the public.

B. It aims to control the number of the animals.

C. It will continue to work with the World Wildlife Fund.

D. Some of its rhinos may be sent to the protected wild areas.

C

When I was 9, we packed up our home in Los Angeles and arrived at Heathrow, London on a gray January morning. Everyone in the family settled quickly into the city except me. Without my beloved beaches and endless blue-sky days, I felt at a loss and out of place. Until I made a discovery.

Southbank, at an eastern bend in the Thames, is the center of British skateboarding, where the continuous crashing of skateboards left your head ringing. I loved it. I soon made friends with the local skaters. We spoke our own language. And my favorite: Safe. Safe meant cool. It meant hello. It meant don't worry about it. Once, when trying a certain trick on the beam(橫杆), I fell onto the stones, damaging a nerve in my hand, and Toby came over, helping me up: Safe, man. Safe. A few minutes later, when I landed the trick, my friends beat their boards loud, shouting: "Safe! Safe! Safe!" And that's what mattered — landing tricks, being a good skater.

When I was 15, my family moved to Washington. I tried skateboarding there, but the locals were far less welcoming. Within a couple of years, I'd given it up.

When I returned to London in 2004, I found myself wandering down to Southbank, spending hours there. I've traveled back several times since, most recently this past spring. The day was cold but clear; tourists and Londoners stopped to watch the skaters. Weaving(穿梭) among the kids who rushed by on their boards, I found my way to the beam. Then a rail-thin teenager, in a baggy white T-shirt, skidded(滑) up to the beam. He sat next to me. He seemed not to notice the man next to him. But soon I caught a few of his glances."I was a local here 20 years ago," I told him. Then, slowly, he began to nod his head."Safe, man. Safe.”

“Yeah," I said.“Safe.”

8. What can we learn about the author soon after he moved to London?

A. He felt disappointed.

B. He gave up his hobby.

C. He liked the weather there.

D. He had disagreements with his family.

9. What do the underlined words “Safe! Safe! Safe!” probably mean?

A. Be careful!

B. Well done!

C. No way!

D. Don’t worry.

10. Why did the author like to spend time in Southbank when he returned to London?

A. To join the skateboarding.

B. To make new friends.

C. To learn new tricks.

D. To relieve his childhood days.

11. What message does the author seem to convey in the text?

A. Children should learn a second language.

B. Sport is necessary for children’s health.

C. Children need a sense of belonging.

D. Seeing the world is must for children.

D

Who is a genius? This question has greatly interested humankind for centuries.

Let's state clearly: Einstein was a genius. His face is almost the international symbol for genius. But we want to go beyond one man and explore the nature of genius itself. Why is it that some people are so much more intelligent or creative than the rest of us? And who are they?

In the sciences and arts, those praised as geniuses were most often white men, of European origin. Perhaps this is not a surprise. It's said that history is written by the victors, and those victors set the standards for admission to the genius club. When contributions were made by geniuses outside the club - women, or people of a different color or belief - they were unacknowledged and rejected by others.

A study recently published by Science found that as young as age six, girls are less likely than boys to say that members of their gender(性别)are “really, really smart.” Even worse, the study found that girls act on that belief: Around age six they start to avoid activities said to be for children who are "really, really smart." Can our planet afford to have any great thinkers become discouraged and give up? It doesn't take a genius to know the answer: absolutely not.

Here's the good news. In a wired world with constant global communication, we're all positioned to see flashes of genius wherever they appear. And the more we look, the more we will see that social factors(因素) like gender, race, and class do not determine the appearance of genius. As a writer says, future geniuses come from those with “intelligence, creativity, perseverance(毅力), and simple good fortune, who are able to change the world."

12. What does the author think of victors' standards for joining the genius club?

A. They're unfair.

B. They’re conservative.

C. They're objective.

D. They’re strict.

13. What can we infer about girls from the study in Science?

A. They think themselves smart.

B. They look up to great thinkers.

C. They see gender differences earlier than boys.

D. They are likely to be influenced by social beliefs.

14. Why are more geniuses known to the public?

A. Improved global communication.

B. Less discrimination against women.

C. Acceptance of victors' concepts.

D. Changes in people's social positions.

15. What is the best title for the text?

A. Geniuses Think Alike

B. Genius Takes Many Forms

C. Genius and Intelligence

D. Genius and Luck

第二节(共 5 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

You keep hearing about recycling, right? But it doesn't end with bottles, cans, and paper. Clothing takes a huge amount of natural resources (资源) to make, and buying loads of new clothing (or throwing out old clothing) is not healthy for the environment. So what to do with all those perfectly-good-but-you'
re-maybe-a-little-sick-of-them clothes piled on your bedroom floor?16 . It's the best way to get rid of your used clothes, score clothes from your friends, and have a party all at the same time.

A successful swap depends on the selection of clothes, the organization of the event, and, obviously, how much fun is had. It's really easy to do! Here are a few pointers.

• Invite 5-10 people so you have a nice selection.17_______, and there may not be enough things to choose from; more than that, and it becomes uncontrollable.

• 18________. They should also prepare plenty of reusable bags to carry their “new”

clothes home.

• Put different types of clothing on different surfaces in the room. 19______. Place a few mirrors around your room so people can see how things look when they try them on. One of the ground rules of the swap should be that everyone must try on the clothes before they take them —things always look different when you put them on.

• Set a starting time. Maybe you say "go," or turn on a certain song, or whatever.20_. And don't forget to put out some cookies and fruits. Remember, it's a party!

A. Less people than that

B. Hold a clothing swap

C. If two people are competing

D. Just keep music playing throughout

E. Donate whatever clothes are left over

F. Have everyone put their clothes in the right spots

G. Tell everyone to bring clean clothes in good ocndition

第二部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45分)

第一节(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处

的最佳选项。

It's the seaside birds that deserve at least part of the blame for getting Nick Burchill

blacklisted at the Fairmont Empress Hotel in Victoria, Canada.

Burchill was 21 __ at the hotel on business and planning to __ 22 some friends in

the area. They had asked him to 23 ____ some pepperoni(辣香肠) from back east. So he_ 24 _ a suitcase full of pepperoni. As he was 25 that it would be too warm, he 26 it out

on the table near an open window. He thought his pepperoni was_ 27 _ and well chilled(冷却) and he _ 28 .

That's when things went _ 29Eyy temenier walking down the long __30_ and

opening the door to my room to find an entire flock of seagulls," Burchill said in a recent letter of 31 to the 4-star hotel.“The seagulls immediately went _32___ They rushed to the window, 30 or 40 birds all trying to _ 33 at the same time, and pepperoni — everywhere. The curtains were falling down, the lamps were falling down, It was a real 34 ."

Older and wiser now, Burchill chalked up the incident to youthful indiscretion(莽撞). “I have 35_ and I admit responsibility for my 36__," he said in the letter. “I

come to you,__37_, to apologize for the damage I had __ 38 _ caused and to ask you

to 39_ my lifetime ban from the hotel."

His letter_ 40 _. Banned from the hotel since 2001, Burchill is now welcome to come

back, the Fairmont said.

21.A. studying B. staying

C. looking D. packing

22. A. visit B. help

C. follow D. make

23.A. sell B. have

C. bring D. taste

24.A. filled B. locked

C. abandoned D. lost

25.A. surprised B. pleased

C. excited D. worried

26.A. dug B. cleared

C. cut D. laid

27.A. delicious B. safe

C. soft D. ready

28.A. left B. nodded

C. waited D. regretted

29.A. far B. funny

C. wrong D. blind

30. A. beach B. driveway

C. hall D. table

31.A. application B. apology

C. request D. invitation

32.A. hungry B. dead

C. missing D. wild

33.A. wake up B. get out

C. take off D. break in

34.A. mess B. puzzle

C. fight D. challenge

35.A. recovered B. retired

C. escaped D. matured

36.A. suffering B. plans

C. madness D. actions

37.A. hands in pockets

B. nose in the air

C. hat in hand

D. feet on the ground

38.A. indirectly B. deliberately

C. cautiously D. secretly

39.A. replace B. remember

C. reconsider D. renew

40.A. arrived B. worked

C. ended D. disappeared

第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

The Xi'an City Wall is the most complete city wall that has survived China's long

history. It 41 _________(build) originally to protect the city 42__________ the Tang dynasty and has nowbeen completely restored(修复). It is possible 43 __________(walk) or bike the entire 14 kilometers.

We accessed the wall through the South Gate. The wall is 12 meters high and from here you can see streams of people moving inside and outside the City Wall.

After 44 _________(spend) some time looking at all the defensive equipment at the wall, we decided it was time for some action and what 45 _________(good) than to ride on a piece of history!

We 46________ (hire) our bikes from the rental place at the South Gate. My bike was old and shaky 47__________did the job. It took us about 3 hours to go all 48 __________ way around the Xi'an City Wall. Supposedly you can do it in two hours, but we stopped at the different gates and 49_________(watchtower) to take pictures or just to watch the local people going about their 50 _______(day) routines.

第三部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共 10 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(入),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线《)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

Last week our teacher asked us to fill in a questionnaire. One of the questions are: Who will you go in times of trouble? Here are the results. Many students say they will talk to their friend or classmates because they're of the same age and can understand each other. Some will turn out to their parents or teachers for help. Only a little choose to deal with the problems on our own. Their answers also show that they dislike talk to others. They kept very much to themselves. In my opinion, where in trouble, we should seek help from those we trust mostly.

第二节书面表达(满分 25 分)

假定你是李华。你校计划举办介绍中国传统文化的主题班会,并在英文网站展示。请你写一封邮件给外国朋友 Chris,向他了解哪些中国传统文化更吸引外国友人。邮件内容包括:

1.阐明写信事由; 2.征求建议; 3.表示感谢。

注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

笔试部分参考答案:

第一部分阅读理解

1-3 BAC 4-7 DCAD

8-11 ABDC 12-15 ADAB

16-20 BAGFD

第三部分语言运用

21-25 DACAD 26-30 DBACC

31-35 BDBAD 36-40 DCACB

41. was built 42. in 43. to walk

44.spending 45. better 46. hired

47. but 48 the 49.watchtowers

50.daily

第四部分写作改错

第二句:are 改为is;go 后加to

第四句:friend 改为 friends

第五句:去掉 out

第六句:little 改为 few; our 改为 their

第七句:talk 改为 talking

第八句:kept 改为 keep

第九句:where 改为 when 或 whenever;mostly 改为 most

写作(略)


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