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1.as well, as well as

as well也,常放于句末,与and连用,表示既…又;as well as并列连词,不但…而且…

He is a professor, and a writer as well.

2.amount, number

amount后接不可数名词, number后接可数名词。

A number of students don’t like the food.3. a number of, the number of

a number of许多,谓语动词用复数。the number of…的数目,谓语动词用单数。

The number of students is increasing.4.a second, the second

a second又一,再一,the second第二

He won the second prize. 5.a girl, one girl

a girl可泛指所有女孩, one girl指一个女孩。

Can one girl carry such a big box?6. agree with, agree to, agree on

agree with同意某人,agree to同意某事,agree on在…上达成一致意见,主语是复数。

They agree to the plan. 7. at, in (表地点)


He arrived at a small village.

8. above, on, over


There is a book on the desk.

9. arrive, get, reach

arrive不及物动词,后接in (大地点),at(小地点),get不及物动词后接to,reach及物动词

arrive in Beijing, get to Beijing, reach Beijing 10. bring, take, carry, fetch


fetch a box of chalk 11. be familiar to, be familiar with

be familiar to某物对某人来说是熟悉的,be familiar with某人熟悉某物

The book is familiar to me.

I'm familiar with the book. 12. besides, except, except for

besides除了…还(包括在内)except除了(不包括在内),except for整体…除了某一点以外

The composition is good except for a few spelling mistakes. 13. because, since, as, for

原因由强到弱为:because, since/as, for。



Since/as…, …

…, for…

Since I was ill, I didn't go.14. because, because of

because连词,连接两句话,because of介词短语,后接词或短语

He didn't go to school because of his illness.

15.be tired of, be tired with/from

be tired of厌烦…,be tired with/from因为…而累了

He was tired with/from running 800 meters.

16.by bus, on the bus

by bus表手段,方式,不用冠词,on the bus表范围

They went there by bus.

17.before long, long before

before long不久以后,long before很久以前 18. by day, by the day

by day白天,by the day按天计算

The workers are paid by the day. 19. care about, care for

care about关心,计较,在乎,一般多用于否定句中;care for关心,照料,喜欢,愿意

He doesn't care about his clothes.

20.close, closely

close接近,靠近,closely紧紧地,紧密地 closely connected, stand close 21. chick, chicken


The chicken is fresh.

22. cook, cooker


He is a good cook. 23. cause, reason

cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接of sth./doing sth; reason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接for sth./doing sth.

the reason for being late 24. clothes, cloth, clothing clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of 25.die from, die of

die from表示死于(枪)伤,虚弱,过度劳累,饮食过度等,die of表示死于疾病,饥饿,寒冷,年老,忧愁,失恋等精神因素。

die of hunger and cold 26. deep, deeply


deeply moved, dig deep 27. excited, exciting


I'm excited.

The news is exciting. 28. exercise, exercises, practice


Practice makes perfect. 29. fast, quickly


run fast

answer the question quickly

30. for a moment, for the moment

for a moment 片刻,一会儿,for the moment暂时,一时

Thinking for a moment, he agreed.

31. feed, raise

feed喂养,养活,饲养 (to give food to), raise饲养,养育 (cause to grow, bring up children)

raise the family

32.go to sea, by sea, by the sea

go to sea当海员,出航,by sea乘船,由海路, by the sea在海边

go by sea 33. good, well


He is well again.

34.hard, hardly

hard努力,hardly几乎不 work hard

I can hardly believe it. 35. through, across


through the forest

across the desert

36.hurt, injure, wound


He was wounded in the war. 37.happen, take place

happen偶然性的没有预料到的事情的发生,take place必然性的发生

Great changes have taken place in my hometown.

38.high, highly

high具体的高,highly抽象的高,高度的 think highly of 39. in order that, in order to

in order that后接句子,in order to后接动词原形

I got up early in order to catch the first bus.

I got up early so that I could catch the first bus.

40.in surprise, to one's surprise

in surprise惊奇地,to one's surprise使某人吃惊的是,41.in the air, on the air, in the sky

in the air正在酝酿中,on the air播送,广播,in the sky在天空中

His show is on the air at 6:00 tonight. 42. increase to, increase by

increase to增长到…,increase by增长了…

The number increased by 2,000 to 5,000. 43. in place of, in the place of

in place of代替,in the place of在…地方

A new building is built in the place of the old one.44. in secret, in the secret

in secret秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作状语;in the secret知道内情,知道秘密,一般用作表语

My mother was in the secret from the beginning.45. ill, sick


a sick boy

46.it, one


I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one. 47. in office, in the office

in office在职的,in the office在办公室里

He is in office, not out of office. 48. in charge of, in the charge of

in charge of管理,负责照料, in the charge of由……照料

He is in charge of the matter.

The matter is in the charge of her. 49. in place of, in the place of

in place of代替,in the place of在…地方

A new building is built in the place of the old one. 50.in a word, in words

in a word总之,一句话, in words口头上

In a word, you are right. 51. in front of, in the front of

in front of范围外的前面,in the front of范围内的前面

In the front of the room sits a boy.

52.instead, instead of

instead是副词,放在句首或句末,instead of是介词短语,放在句中

He didn't see a film. Instead he watched TV.

He watched TV instead of seeing a film.

53.join, join in, take part in

join加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员;join in参加小型的活动, join sb. in;take part in 参加大型的活动

He joined the army five years ago.

54.late, lately


I haven't seen him lately. 55. living, alive, live, lively

living, alive, live均为活着的,living定表均可,alive定表均可,定语后置,live只能作定语,lively意为活波的

all the living people=all the people alive 56. leave, leave for

leave离开,leave for前往

He left Beijing for Shanghai. 57. live on, live by

live on以…为主食,live by靠…谋生

live on fish/ live by fishing 58. lose, miss

lose失去(具体的物体),错过 sth. is lost, lose the chance;miss 想念,错过sth.

miss the chance

59.listen, hear


I listened, but I heard nothing.

60. look, see, watch


watch TV 61. lie, lay

lie躺,位于(lay, lain),说谎(lied, lied),lay平放(laid, laid) lay the book 62. mean to do, mean doing

mean to do打算,想要做某事,mean doing意思是,意味着

By this I mean giving the students more practice.

63.manage, try

manage to do设法做成了某事,try to do尽力去做某事但不一定成功

He tried to pass the exam, but he failed.

64.many, much, a lot of

many和可数名词连用,much和不可数名词连用,a lot of可数,不可数均可,但不用于否定句

I haven't many books. 65. none, nothing, no one

none强调有多少,nothing, no one强调有没有,nothing指物,no one指人 --- How many…/How much…? --- None. 66. not a little, not a bit

not a little非常,not a bit一点也不

I'm not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。 67. no, not

no=not a/any no friend=not a/any friend no water=not any water 68. no more than, not more than

no more than相当于only,仅仅,只有,not more than 至多,不超过

69.on earth, on the earth, in the earth

on earth在世上,在人间,到底,究竟,一点也不,on the earth在地上,在地球上,in the earth在地下,在泥土里 no use on earth 70.officer, official

officer部队的军官,official政府官员 an army officer

71.on the way, in the way

on the way在前往…的路上,in the way挡路

The chair is in the way. 72.pay for, pay back, pay off

pay for为…付钱,pay back还钱,但不一定还清,pay off还清

pay for the book, pay off the debt 73.other, another


other students, another student 74. out of question, out of the question

out of question毫无疑问的,out of the question不可能的 75.problem, question

problem常和困难连系,前面的动词常为think about, solve, raise,question常和疑问连系,多和ask, answer连用

76.pleasant, pleased, pleasing

pleasant常用作定语,pleased, pleasing常用作表语,pleased主语常为人,pleasing主语常为物

The trip is pleasing. 77.respectful, respectable


be respectful to the aged

78. raise, rise


The sun rises in the east.

79.receive, accept


I received a gift, but I didn't accept it. 80.sleeping, asleep, sleepy

sleeping正在睡觉,asleep睡着,熟睡,只能做表语,sleepy困的,有睡意的 The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy.

81.spend, take, pay, cost

spend人作主语,花钱,花时间; spend…on sth./in doing sth; take物作主语,花时间; pay人作主语,花钱,pay for; cost物作主语,花钱

82.since, for (完成时间状语)


for three years, since 3:00 83.such…as, such…that


He is not such a fool as he looks like.

He is such a good student that all the teachers like him. 84.sound, voice, noise


I hate the loud noise outside.

85.the same…as, the same…that

the same…as和…一样的(相似但不同一), the same…that 同一物体

This is the same pen that I used yesterday. (同一支笔) 86.turn, get, grow


turn yellow, get tired, grow big 87. take a chair, take the chair

take a chair相当于sit down坐下,take the chair开始开会88.tall, high


He is tall. 89.the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher

the doctor and teacher指一个人,既是医生又是老师,the doctor and the teacher两个人,一个医生和一个老师

90.trip, journey, travel, voyage


a three-day trip 91.three of us, the three of us

three of us我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us我们三个(就三个人)The three of us---Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema. 92.too much, much too

too much 后接不可数名词,much too后接形容词

much too heavy 93. used to, be used to

used to过去常常,be used to习惯于,后接sth./doing sth.;被用来,后接 do sth.

He is used to getting up early.94. until, not…until

until到…为止, not…until直到…才(常跟点动词连用)

I waited until 3:00.

He didn't come until 3:00. 95. weather, if

当是否解时,只有在宾语从句中二者可以互换,其余都用weather,当如果解时用if 。

I don't know if/whether he will come.

If he comes, I'll let you know. 96. when, as, while (表时间)


While I slept, a thief broke in. 97.work, job


a good job98. wear, put on, dress

wear和dress表状态,wear接衣服等,可用进行时,dress接人,be dressed in, put on表动作

It's cold outside. Put on your warm clothes. 99 win, lose, beat

win后接sth.,反义词为lose, beat后接sb.

win the game, beat them


young 形容词,表示年轻的,youth 名词,表示青年、青春

He had been a talented musician in his youth.

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